Santi Felice e Baccolo

Via Torquato Tasso 36 (Sorrento)


The Church of Saints Felix and Baccolo, also known as the Church of the Rosary, is a monumental Church located in the historic centre of Sorrento: was the city's Cathedral for several centuries.

History

They lack reliable information on the year of construction of the Church: some sources speak of 310, during the reign of Constantine I, while others say that it was built by order in Duke Sergius of Sorrento, around the twelfth century, to cast out demons that infest the area: however historians seem to agree that the Church was built over a Roman temple dedicated to Jupiter or or to all the gods; He was then consecrated to Saint Felix, Bishop of Nola and then also to Saint Baccolo, Bishop of Sorrento and became one of the protectors of the city.
In the 12th century, when it was decided to move the Cathedral within the city walls, the churches assumed the role of principal of the Diocese of Sorrento: the role of Cathedral will be held until the 15th century, when the Church of Saints Philip and James will be inaugurated. In 1651 the church became the coven of the souls in purgatory, where they could access only the nobility belonging to the Seat of Dominova. In the 17th century the structure underwent a massive restoration that gave her a mold typically Baroque. Due to lack of faithful members of the Coven, in 1834 the Church was entrusted to the confraternity of the Holy Rosary, which then takes the new name. The last restoration work my way back in the late 20th century, to repair the damage caused by the Irpinia earthquake of 1980.

Structure


The Church has a façade divided into two by an entablature: the bottom in the Centre a huge entrance portal surrounded two pilasters, while everything else in the area is completed with various decorations in stucco, which is patterned in friezes, 16th century Baroque style classics. The top instead centred, aligned with the portal, a small niche containing a statue of Saint Baccolo, while the sides are two rectangular Windows: also in this section you find stucco; the façade ends with a tympanum with decoration in the middle and topped with an iron cross.
The Interior has a nave, completely covered with polychrome marble and coffered ceiling in the center of which is a painting of the Holy Trinity; a chapel opens onto both sides of the aisle: the one on the right has an altar that was originally placed in the church dedicated to St. Vincent, as well as the body, topped by a 16th-century canvas depicting Saint Dominic, santa Rosa and other Dominican Saints, receiving the Rosary of the Virgin Mary and around the painting depicts the fifteen mysteries; on the left side there is a chapel in the past instead of patronage of the family Donnorso, with a central table representing St Joseph, St. Gennaro and san Raffaele surrounding a Byzantine icon of the Madonna with the infant Jesus.
The area of the main altar was built in the 18th century by Antonio Gabriel and is characterized by some Angel carved heads surrounding the depiction of the Holy Spirit above the Tabernacle; beneath the altar is placed an urn containing the relics of Saint Baccolo, while at the top is the statue of our Lady of the Rosary. The crypt dates back to 1753 and is decorated with a painting of the Madonna with child and is full of votive offerings, related to his intercession. Other works of art in the Church is a painting of Saint Baccolo, built in 1734 by John Bernard, statues of St. Joseph, St. Irene, Saint Louis, Saint Michael and Saint Baccolo and a Nativity scene from the 18th century.


Source:

Wikipedia



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