ANTIQUARIUM DI MONTE ADRANONE DOCUMENTARY AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Corso Umberto I 119 (Sambuca di Sicilia)


On a hill a short distance from Sambuca di Sicilia, remain the impressive ruins of a Center, who lived between the 8th and 3rd century. b.c. in an area between the area of influence and sicana elimo-Punic. From these various cultures descended the complex pattern of this site, due to its prominent position played also an important strategic significance both in more archaic stage in relation to the location of Selinuntia odòs, the road connecting Selinunte with Akragas, allowed selinuntina penetration both in Hellenistic period, when it became, arguably, the cornerstone of that system of strongholds built by Carthage in defense of its own borders eparchy in Sicily.
It is proposed to identify the site with the Adranon mentioned by Diodorus in relation to the first Punic War, the Romans tried in vain to conquer: the attendance still stop to 3rd century. BC
The wide archaeological area extends on the terraces of the hill from the southern slopes where was the necropolis, with different typologies: burial chamber tombs hypogean, including the so-called tomb of Queen, referring to the VI-V century. BC  and chest, covered with marl blocks dating from the 4th century. BC In defense of the town was built starting from the 6th sec.a.C. a mighty walls, which underwent several stages of history building Center: are the remains of the monumental South Gate and North Gate, flanked by turrets. At the foot of the Acropolis was a sacred area with a rectangular building, bipartite: the presence of two betile reveals religious membership punica. The same connotation has tripartite Temple erected on top of the Acropolis, with the central compartment open layout, whose plant undergoes changes during the long life of the site, also in relation to the establishment of the worship of Baal-Hammon and Tanit Carthaginian influence zones. South suburban area around the middle of the fourth century. BC built the grandiose complex intended to workshops, crafts and agriculture. In non-urban area at the South Gate structures remain a small Hellenistic sanctuary dedicated to Demeter and Kore.

The site, already known from the late 800 's, has been systematically investigated since the late 60 's, by Prof. E. De Miro and Dott.ssa Gr. Florentines for the Soprintendenza BB. CC. AA. of Agrigento.
The archaeological area, is State visited whilst in Sambuca di Sicilia was the antiquarian "Monte Adranone".



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