The Badia di Cava de ' Tirreni nears completion of a millennium of life: ten centuries of monastic history continued since, in 1011, Sant'Alferio founded the monastery with happy intuition in choosing the site.
An inexhaustible vitality and an enlightened cultural policy have characterized this and other famous Benedictine abbeys in the wake of the famous Abbey of Montecassino, which was even pageantry and model of elegance. Moreover, the prosperous Finance of badia cavense, owner of extensive estates in Mezzogiorno, allowed to Abbots of engaging the most prestigious artists and updated and to use other, less, more level continues.
Many works can be seen in the original location or acquired during the various modernizations, other were placed in the Museum occupying three rooms belonging to the ancient suggestive Palatium of the end of the 13th century, reserved for guests.
Other works have become part of the collections of the monument in moments after the execution, such as the altarpiece painted for the Church of s. Cesareo from Augustine Tesauro or performed by Francesco Penni round designed by Raphael. The extensive sampling of busts, Roman vases, sarcophagi and fragments of medieval sculptures in the first room, exposed in the magnificent 13th-century room, precious and elegant three-fifteenth-century paintings of the Sienese school, a polychrome wooden statue depicting a Madonna with child from the same time span and a large collection of paintings on wood.
The large sequence of paintings on canvas, which, also for the long stay in storage, failed the screening of the latest criticism, is housed in the recently renovated room. Essential or idyllic interpretations of famous biblical topics, crowded battle scenes or meetings, mystical impressive depictions of the doctors of the Church and Saints provide ecstatic ideal path that spans two centuries of painting, the 17th and 18th, in significant events of nature, Baroque or Classicist and size of the great picture or sketch.
In the Windows are exposed metal objects, porcelain, ivory and ceramics, eras and different workshops.
Emerge among others a small 12th-century of eburnea delicate Byzantine invoice, rare examples of medieval pottery, probably produced in the same factories Conventual, a fine sampling of dishes from Abruzzo workshops of the century 18th century majolica tiles of the fifteenth-century Neapolitan manufacture and precious liturgical vestments. A chart of the 14th century and some choral arranged in two message boards, only provide a valuable essay paper and parchment that the Abbey has in rich archive.