The necropolis of Isola Sacra-Port

Via Monte Spinoncia (Fiumicino)

The complex that currently allows the vision of over 200 funerary buildings known as the area of the necropolis, is the extreme southern limit of the sepulchral settlement developed on either side of the via Flavia Severiana, from the end of the 1st century AD until the 4th century AD. The dynamics of occupation at the site confirms the importance of elevated roadway toward which converge the graves, who first isolated form for addossamenti the first progressive front. Follow the advances that incorporate the original socle road and the construction of buildings along a second front backlog of limited extent. The latest episode occludes residual space construction in the first front that is seamlessly built.
The tombs in the necropolis visible architectural feature a homogeneous typology: the cell, also two stories, is basically square, it often assumes a contemporary enclosure or later. The covers were vaulted or terrace, with triangular pediment in the façade, moved by plinths, pilasters, columns and capitals that draw an accurate brick curtain on which open small Windows and doors framed by thresholds, doorposts and lintels in travertine. The representative value of the façade is confirmed by inscriptions (in Latin, more rarely in Greek), placed above the door within frames and pumice bricks. Inscriptions record the name of the owner, the size of the Tomb, the testamentary dispositions and rules of use of the Tomb, providing valuable data on the social composition of the population composed mainly of portuense traders, Freedmen and small entrepreneurs. Precisely these tasks and thus the identity of the deceased ' Earth (the midwife attending the birth, the surgeon to operate, the manufacturer and retailer of hardware, the grain dealer, etc.) relate scenes of crafts-a vital expression "popular" art-represented on the bricks on the sides of the seats.
The external appearance of the tomb is not determined by the chosen funeral ritual, the cremation or burial, which heavily influences the internal articulation through the subdivision into two registers: the upper wall niches containing olle per by incineration, down arcosoli for buried; underfloor plans reserved to depositions for burial (formae, arranged on several levels).

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