The National Museum of Oriental art ' Giuseppe Tucci ' contains the findings of the excavations of the Italian archaeological missions in Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan, as well as purchased items in Nepal and Tibet from Giuseppe Tucci (one of the greatest 20th-century orientalists) between 1928 and 1954.
The Museum was established in 1957 by Decree of the President of the Republic, and was opened to the public in 1958. The May 31, 2005 the Museum was named after Giuseppe Tucci
(1894-1984), one of the greatest 20th-century orientalists, who promoted the Foundation.
The Museum is one of the special Institution of the Ministry per i Beni e le Attività Culturali, in that protection of duties plays artistic objects and archaeological sites from Asian countries at the national level, providing, in collaboration with the Regional Superintendencies, the Customs transit control of cultural property, to avoid the dispersion of public collections as private, providing advice to public institutions in matters of its competence , and promoting knowledge of Asian cultures Radha Italian audiences by organizing exhibitions, conferences, guided visits to their collections.
The initial core of the collection consists of artifacts held by the Italian Institute for the middle and far East (IsMEO), today Italian Institute for Africa and the Orient (IsIAO)
, and from its archaeological missions in Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, as well as items purchased in Nepal and Tibet from Giuseppe Tucci between 1928 and 1954. The Yes is then increased over the years through purchases made by the State, private donations from individuals and corporations, as well as trade with Asian States.
Over the years the Museum's facilities are enhanced by useful facilities for the conduct of its activities: a specialized library, a restoration laboratory, a photo archive, an archive of the Oriental collections in Italy, a Bioarcheologia service and electron microscopy, an educational Service.