Archaeological area of Paestum

Via Magna Grecia (Capaccio)


The area can be visited today represents only a small sector of the old city, whose perimeter (4750 m) is defined by, well preserved, circuit of walls in limestone blocks with 28 towers and four main gates: Porta Aurea, Porta Sirena East, West marine door and brings Justice to the South. The famous temples which made famous as splendid examples Paestum, the ancient Hellenistic architecture, are placed within a tour which tends to illustrate the urban development of the city. The tour can start from the Northern shrine, whose most important monument is the Temple of Athena (the so-called Temple of CERES), built at the end of the 6th century. BC on an artificial increase of the soil. South of the sanctuary you can see two of the Greek public buildings located in the area of the Agora: the so-called heroon, building intended for the worship of a prominent character, perhaps the founder of Poseidonia eroizzato after death; the ekklesiasterion, monument for public meetings, finally obliterated in age lucana. Continuing South, the location allows you to visit some blocks and flats in Roman times; leaving on the left the remains of the amphitheatre, partially obliterated by modern SS 18 and passing in front of a public building with a swimming pool for the cult of Venus, in the Roman Forum (200 x 60 m); the square is surrounded by tabernae and on it face the Comitium, the most important public monument of Latin colony and the so-called Temple of peace. The route ends in the southern sanctuary dedicated to Hera, dominated by the imposing mole of two Doric temples: the so-called Basilica (ca 530 BCE), with nine columns on the forehead, and the so-called Temple of Neptune (mid-5th century BC).


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