National Archaeological Museum and archaeological Area

Via Flacca Km. 16.300 (Sperlonga)

The Museum was specially built to house the monumental sculptural groups found in thousands of fragments in the late 1950s in the famous cave which opens onto the sea, feature a large residential complex usually identified with the praetorium, i.e. building, owned by the Emperor Tiberius. At the beginning of the Imperial age the cave was indeed transformed into mythological landscape decorated by an extraordinary sculptural arrangement of subject which was placed scenically Homeric around and inside a circular basin set within the magnificent apse. They have so far identified four main groups representing businesses of Ulysses: blinding of Polyphemus by the hero and some companions, Monster assault of Scylla to the ship and killing six comrades suffocated from serpentine coils PD rat Trojan Temple of Athena by Odysseus and Diomedes, and finally the cd. Pasquino, that has recently been recognized Odysseus who drags the body of Achilles. The collection includes other valuable finds, largely attributable to the apparatus, sculptural ornamental villa: alongside works of the Gens Iulia commemorative intent (relief of Venus Genetrix, erma. ENEA), include images of deities (Dionysus, Athena, Salus), examples of portraiture (head of Trajan and Emperor tetrachica age, EC.) and purely decorative items (pannegggiata maiden statue identifiable perhaps with Circe, cherubs, satirelli, theatre masks), dating to the 1st century. a.d. This is typically replicas or re-creations of marble, often bronze archetypes, classic and Hellenistic period (5th-6th and 3rd-1st century BC), though there are creations of archaizing character tastes or eclectic. Of particular interest is the inscription in verse by such, perhaps a guest Faustinus, which enhances the décor of the cave. In the Windows and furnishings are kept minutes (vases, pottery, architectural attic pottery, African Christian lamps sealed, etc.) documenting the unbroken continuity of the site until the Postclassic period. An illustrative brochures available and a guide.

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