The splendid Palace, commissioned by Federico da Montefeltro in the glory of his house and, at the same time, expression of his personality as a Renaissance man, is home to the Galleria Nazionale delle Marche, established in 1912. Under the rule of Frederick, who comes to the Government of the State of Montefeltro in Urbino in 1444, becomes a few decades one of the lighthouses of Italian Renaissance. In 1474 count receives from Sixtus V della Rovere the coveted appointment at Duke and the proud inscription FE-DUX stands after that date on many parts of the building. Thanks to the refined choice of decorators, coming mainly from Florence and from Lombardy, and cutting-edge artists and architects, such as Piero della Francesca or Leon Battista Alberti, Frederick becomes the cultural and urban context. The Ducal Palace is marked by several stages of development which contributed essentially the Dalmatian architect Luciano Laurana, with organically around the courtyard spaces and the picturesque façade tightened between two slender Tan become unmistakable element of the landscape from Urbino. Upon completion of the building worked as a result of other prominent architects such as Francesco di Giorgio Martini, Sienese and Girolamo Genga. The National Gallery of the marches is made up of a collection of works coming largely from the Marche region, documenting the art of the region, as well as the Italian one. In its history the Museum has seen a steady expansion of collections and exhibition spaces in the building, with a constant policy of purchases and donations. The collections, sorted chronologically for schools, and take up seventy-three, rooms mainly on the first floor and second floor of the Ducal residence, among which stand out in particular paintings by Piero della Francesca, Paolo Uccello, Giusto di Gand, Pedro Berruguete, Giovanni Santi, Luca Signorelli, Raphael, Titian, Lorenzo Lotto, Federico Barocci, Orazio Gentileschi, Giovan Francesco Guerrieri, Guercino, Reni, etc.
The collections of the National Gallery of the Marche