The gallery was founded by Grand Duke Peter Leopold of Lorraine as a teaching collection for the students of the Academy of fine arts. After the nineteenth-century rearrangements and acquisitions has become the popular Michelangelo Museum, visited by millions of tourists for the presence of the famous David. You can't forget that along with Michelangelo's statues, the Gallery maintains an important nucleus of works that document the history of Florentine art school from the 13th century until the nineteenth century.
The Museum of musical instruments is part of a unique museum with the Accademia Gallery which, after an agreement signed in 1996 between the Ministry of education and the cultural heritage and activities, was given on loan. The exhibition consists of about four hundred European and extra European instruments from the 17th to the 20th century from different collections, including that of Cosimo and Ferdinand de ' Medici of France, Ferdinand Casamorata and Alexander Kraus, to which were added the numerous gifts, especially by Victor-Charles Mahillon (1841-1924), Builder of wind instruments and Director of the Museum of musical instruments in Brussels , and Countess Rucellai Pearl, as well as numerous musicians.