Travellers coming from the North reached the town via the Via Flaminia the Porta del Popolo (the old Porta Flaminia). Just behind the Aurelian Walls you enter in the oval Piazza del Popolo. Takes its name from the Church of Santa Maria del Popolo funeral monuments and works of art, including two famous paintings by Caravaggio: the conversion of St. Paul and the crucifixion of St. Peter. The square of elegant elliptical shape in its current neoclassical accommodation of great scenographic effect, is the work of architect Giuseppe Valadier. In the Center, above a large basement with fountains and lions, is one of the largest obelisks of Rome, the obelisco Flaminio (23.91 meters without stand), built by Pharaoh Ramses II.
From three streets (the Trident) penetrate the city: Via del Babuino, left, leads to Spain square, turn right into Via di Ripetta in Piazza Navona and the Pantheon, while the Center begins the main street of Rome, Via del Corso, with its many shops.