The cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta and San Geminiano is a masterpiece of the Romanesque style. The cathedral of Modena was built by the architect Lanfranco on the site of the tomb of St. Geminiano, patron of the city, where previously, from the fifth century, had been already erected two churches. In the cathedral crypt lie the relics of the saint, preserved in a simple urn of the fourth century covered with a slab of stone and supported by columns. The sarcophagus, guarded by a glass case, is opened every year on the occasion of the feast of the saint himself (31 January) and the remains of the saint, the bishop's robes lined with next pastoral, they are exposed to the devotion of the faithful.
Next to the cathedral stands the bell tower called the Ghirlandina. The tip is decorated with two garlands, namely two marble railings, hence the name. 86.12 meters high, visible to travelers who arrive in the city from any point of the compass, the tower is the true symbol of Modena. Inside, the Sala della Secchia (with frescoes of the fifteenth century), contains a copy of the famous "La Secchia Rapita" testimony when the tower was home to the coffers and 'trophies' of Modena town.
Also worthy of note are the carved capitals of the Torresani Room on the fifth floor.
Capital of David: two crowned figures play instruments surrounded by dancers.
Capital of Judges: the meaning of the depicted scenes is not clear: on the left a king with a book in hand seems to listen to the pleas of two women; on the right a character despairs while behind him two winged beings turn away.
The Cathedral of Modena, with the Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, the city has been included since 1997 in the list of Italian World Heritage sites by UNESCO.