According to tradition, the Cathedral was founded by San Frediano in the 6th century, then rebuilt from Anselmo da Baggio, Bishop of the city, in 1060 and finally remodelled between the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
The Cathedral houses the Madonna enthroned with child and saints, painted by Domenico Ghirlandaio, painted around 1479.
In the third Bay of the left aisle is the chapel of the Holy face, designed by Matteo Civitali, where the Holy face of Lucca.
The façade is leaning against the porch-open narthex on the square from three large arches of which closer to the proximity of the pre-existing Bell Tower.
The maze of the Templars
On a pillar stones placed at the base of the tower is carved a labyrinth flanked by an inscription which recalls the myth of Theseus and Ariadne. The kind of maze, to the similarity with that majestic on the floor of Chartres Cathedral and the fresco discovered recently in Alatri (FR), made me think of a class of works of art due to the Templars