The Biblioteca Malatestiana di Cesena is a monastic library of particular historical importance. Founded in the mid-15th century, holds two firsts: it was the first public library in Italy and Europe; is the only example of a monastic library humanistic come down to us perfectly preserved the building, furnishings and books.
UNESCO recognised the cultural importance of Malatesta, inserting it first into Italy, in memory of the World Register. On September 19, 2008, Italian Post Office issued a stamp dedicated to the library, on the theme "The Italian artistic and cultural heritage." Today there are almost 250 000 volumes, of which 287 incunabula , approximately 4000 early editions , 1 753 manuscripts ranging between the 16th century and the 19th century and over 17000 letters and autographs; Unlike in the modern section of the library there are over one hundred thousand volumes. In addition it houses the Società di Studi Romagnoli, an institution founded in 1949 .