Villa Rufolo is a building in the historic centre of Ravello, town in the province of Salerno, which faces opposite the Cathedral in the piazza del Vescovado and whose initial system dates back to the 13th century, with extensive remodelling of the nineteenth century.
Originally belonging to the rich and powerful Rufolo family who excelled in Commerce (a Landolfo Rufolo is the protagonist of a novel in the Decameron of Boccaccio), passed on by inheritance to other owners such as the Confalone, Muscettola and d'afflitto.
Around the middle of the nineteenth century was sold to Scottish Francis Neville Reid who took care of a general restoration, attributing today's setting.
You enter the villa through an arched opening in the gate tower. After a short road leads to a clearing dominated by the Torre Maggiore: the latter is facing the Bell Tower of the Cathedral of Ravello and dominates the upper and lower terraces overlooking the Amalfi coast and the Gulf of Salerno that host extraordinary gardens throughout most of the year.
Among the rooms of the villa, is also a big yard overhead like a cloister and some rooms in the Museum.
To commemorate the visit of the composer Richard Wagner in 1880-here pictured the garden of Klingsor in Act II of Parsifal-each year the lower garden of Villa Rufolo hosts, with success, the Wagnerian Concerts. Adolf Goldschmid in his text on Fawara Castle (Maredolce) in Palermo finds stylistic connections among the audience Hall of the Palace of Palermo and similar Hall of palazzo Rufolo. Finally a few years ago the youngest student of Goldschmid, prof. Koenig described (with Silvana Braida and Antonio Santamaura) the aula regia of the recovered Castle of Caronia (ME) decorated in a similar fashion.