The ancient settlement of Sulky,
called Sulci by the Romans, was founded by the Phoenicians in the 8th century
BC (770-750 BC) where now is Sant%u2019Antioco, in one of the islands of the
Arcipelago del Sulcis. This
settlement was one of the most important Phoenician cities in the Mediterranean
area, and even after the Carthaginian and Roman conquest it kept an important
role dueto its
port and the trade of mineral resources. The present city shows archaeological
evidences from different cultures, as the Phoenician- Punic tofet and
the Punic necropolis. The tofet
The Museum, opened in 2005 and adjacent to the area of the tophet, exposes archaeological finds coming from the town of Sant'Antioco is from other localities of Sulcis. Accompanied by instructional panels, the exhibition illustrates the various phases of the settlement on the site since the first traces of settlement in prehistoric times. The ancient Phoenician Punic Sulky, presented in a reconstructive plastic, is represented through the rich materials from the excavations conducted in various areas of the town: everyday objects, architectural elements, funerary Punic and Roman. Significant p
Ferruccio Barreca archaeological museum collects large and important examples ranging from the Neolithic period to the late Roman Empire.
Considerable space is devoted to materials coming from the adjacent tophet, which is the place that welcomed the Punic age cinerary URNs of babies born dead or departed at an early age and devoted to goddess Tanìt.
Very useful from the educational point of view is the reconstruction inside the Museum by a section of the tophet where on layers of soil, sand and stones were placed several urns. "
Exposes objects that testify to the uses and customs of the island, especially in relation to the processing of the dwarf Palm and fine linen, and natural coloration of fabrics.
Bisso processing is an important peculiarity. It is produced by a filament, scientifically named nacchera "Pinna nobilis", from which it is obtained a precious yarn used for gloves, scarves and other clothing. Are documented the difficult fine woven processing techniques and equipment needed, which were exposed to a temporary exhibition organized by the naturalistic Museum of Basel.