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The complex of the monastery of St. Benedict arose in the place of the sacred Speco, the cave in which the Saint had lived in penance and contemplation (sec. Vi). Above the cave, at the end of the century. XII, the lower church was built with the original nucleus of the monastery; still above, towards the middle of the century. XIV, the upper Church was added. The monastery of St. Benedict and St. Scholastica neighbor constitute a complex of great religious and artistic significance, in a setting of great natural value (is the regional park of the Simbruini mountains).
Upon entering the monaste
The monastery of St. Scholastica is located just downstream of the Sacro Speco. St. Scholastica was the sister of Saint Benedict, and this building is part of the 14 monasteries founded by him along his path of preaching, the most important of which is the Abbey of Montecassino. For a long time, until the end of the 12th century, that of St. Scholastica was the only Benedictine monasteries that withstood earthquakes and ravages Saracen. Initially it was called "San Silvestro" and only later (9TH century) was named "monastery of St. Benedict and St. Scholastica", the current name only in the 14
The Cast collection, housed in the premises of the "former cantinone" of the monastery, is the archaeological and anthropological material, collected since 1837, by Luigi Ceselli, Captain of the Papal State and exponent of nascent Paleontology in the second half of the 800; He also devoted himself to archaeology by self-taught with many contributions in the field of prehistory and protohistory. The collection passed, after 1882, his son ing. Marco, who made a gift to the monastery of Santa Scolastica to honor the memory of his uncle Mariano, a Benedictine monk. During World War II it suffered