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After the construction of the port of Claudius, inaugurated in a.d. 64, the increased supply demands of Rome imposed the construction of a new harbour basin built by Emperor Trajan.
The new port of hexagonal shape was connected with a new channel to the Tiber in order to facilitate the transfer of foodstuffs to Rome.
The coast today is about 3 Km from the ancient Portus, which is narrow in the middle of the Airport's infrastructure, the network of roads and highways, to advance urbanization. In this context, the archaeological area is an unexpected oasis in the naturalistic profile, thanks to th
The Basilica of s. Ippolito was excavated in the early 70 's of the last century, at the Fiumicino Canal (the ancient fossa Traiana) in the Isola Sacra. Built between the late 4TH and early 5th century, is the most important early Christian Basilica portuense suburb. Stands on a thermal building Roman age which remain of the environments and in particular some water tanks.
The three-aisled basilica with an apse, traces of the Episcopal Chair and baptistery built at a later stage.
It was used during the middle ages and was abandoned, most likely, in the 15th century as a result of the depopulatio
The Maccarese Centre is dedicated to the history of the Roman countryside towards the sea and specifically to the events linked to the people’s work in reclaiming the territory and its agricultural use during the last two centuries. Documents, papers, images, photographs, films, models, objects and tools – mostly from family archives – are exhibited in the Centre. For the time being, material is organised along thematic itineraries covering anthropological peculiarities of the area. A specially fitted room continuously projects documentary films on the history of the Portuense-Aurelio territor
Inside the Museum are exhibited the remains of five boats (plus fragments of two other side) dating from the 2ND to the 5th century a.d. The wrecks were brought to light between 1958 and 1965 during the construction of the International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci".
Boats are preserved only the basic structures, covered by sediments, have withstood the destructive action of the water, the marine flora and fauna.
The ships were placed inside the port built by Emperor Claudius in the sec.d.C, in an area between the Museum building and the remains of the Northern pier of the harbour basin. In that a
The complex that currently allows the vision of over 200 funerary buildings known as the area of the necropolis, is the extreme southern limit of the sepulchral settlement developed on either side of the via Flavia Severiana, from the end of the 1st century AD until the 4th century AD. The dynamics of occupation at the site confirms the importance of elevated roadway toward which converge the graves, who first isolated form for addossamenti the first progressive front. Follow the advances that incorporate the original socle road and the construction of buildings along a second front backlog of