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St. Peter's basilica in the Vatican (papal basilica full name greater than San Pietro in Vaticano) is a Catholic basilica Vatican City, Vatican City State, which is the crowning the monumental St. Peter's square.
Is the largest of four papal Basilicas of Rome, often described as the largest church in the world and the center of Catholicism. However, the Cathedral Church of the diocese since the Roman title, the basilica of St. John Lateran, which is also the first for dignity as mother and head of all the churches of Rome and of the world.
As the Papal Chapel, located in proximity of the Apo
Located in the archaeological heart of the city of Rome, the Flavian Amphitheatre, or, more commonly, the Colosseum, stands for monumentality and receives daily a large number of visitors attracted by the enchantment of its history and its complex architecture.
Built in the first century CE at the behest of the emperors of the Flavian dynasty, the Colosseum, named after a colossal statue that stood nearby, until the end of the Ancient Age accommodated games of great popular appeal, such as hunts and gladiatorial fights.
The building was, and still is today,
Among the buildings of classical antiquity, the Pantheon is certainly one that best has been preserved, in virtue of its transformation into a church (Santa Maria ad Martyres) in 609. The original building was built between 27 and 25 BC by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa in honour of Augustus and later dedicated to the main family deity Giulio Claudia. Its present forms date back to the early years of the reign of Hadrian (118-125). A huge cylindrical wall (la Rotonda) of over 6 meters thick holds the monumental Dome, the largest time made in masonry, with a diameter of 43.30 meters and equal height.
The name derives from Vittorio Emanuele II, the first King of Italy. At his death in 1878, it was decided to erect a monument dedicated to the father of the country and with him the entire season of the Risorgimento. The Victorian era was supposed to be a space open to the public. The monumental complex was inaugurated by Vittorio Emanuele III June 4, 1911. It was the culmination of the international exhibition that celebrated the fifty years of the United Italy. The General model is inspired by Victorian examples of Greek and Latin Classics.
The fountain, designed by Nicola Salvi and lying on one side of the Palazzo Poli, was inaugurated in 1735 and belongs to the late Baroque.
The most known and persistent tradition says that throwing a coin into the fountain, voltandole, there is a propitious future back in the city. You ignore the origins of the tradition, but could derive from the ancient custom of throwing in sacred sources supplementary taxes or small gifts to propitiate the deity, like the local wells.
The birth of the Capitoline Museums dates back to 1471, when Pope Sixtus IV donated to the people of Rome a group of bronze statues of great symbolic value. The collections have a close relationship with the city of Rome, from which most of the works come. By solemnly giving the People of Rome some ancient bronze statues already stored at the Lateran (the She-Wolf, the Spinario, Camillo and the colossal head of Constantine, with the globe and hand) in 1471, Pope Sixtus IV constituted the first nucleus of the Capitoline Museums. Significant sculptural works (including, among others, the gilded
At the foot of the spectacular Trinità dei Monti staircase, one of Rome's most famous pictures in the world, takes its name from the Embassy of Spain to the Holy See.
At the center of the square stands the Fontana della Barcaccia di Pietro and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, built in memory of the flood of the Tiber 1598.